Archive for the 'News' Category

GCO Files Briefs in Carter vs. Kemp

Thursday, May 7th, 2020

Briefs have been filed in Carter vs Kemp.  Below link will take you to the following briefs:

Brief filed by the Governor to dismiss the case – 05/04/20

Brief filed by Probate Court Judge Pinkie Toomer to dismiss the case – 05/05/20

Brief filed by GCO in opposition to dismiss case against Pinkie Toomer – 05/06/20

All briefs can be found here.


Federal Judge Denies Motion for TRO or PI in Carter Case

Wednesday, April 22nd, 2020

On Monday, April 20, 2020, a federal judge denied GeorgiaCarry.Org’s motion for a Temporary Restraining Order or Permanent Injunction in the Carter vs. Kemp case.  There are several steps available to us and we are discussing our next move.

In the meantime, we are still involved with two other cases of similar nature challenging the state’s right to trample ours.

The details of the denial can be found here.


GCO Files Second Suit Against Governor Kemp for Violations of Rights

Tuesday, April 14th, 2020

Yesterday morning, April 13, 2020,  GeorgiaCarry.Org filed our second lawsuit against Governor Brian Kemp and the state of Georgia in the Superior Court of Hall County.  The case is Anna Cummings & GeorgiaCarry.Org, Inc, vs BRIAN KEMP, individually and in his official capacity as Governor of the State of Georgia and PATTY LAINE, individually and in her official capacity as judge of the probate court of Hall County in the below violations:

1) Violations of the right to keep and bear arms::
Article I, Sec. I, Par. VIII of the Georgia Constitution guarantee a right to keep and bear arms. By effectively preventing Cummings from carrying a handgun outside her home, motor vehicle, or place of business, either openly or concealed, Kemp and Laine are violating the Constitution of the State of Georgia
2) Violation of OCGA 16-11-129
By refusing to accept or process GWL applications, Laine is violating O.C.G.A. § 16-11-129.
3) in Violation of due process.
Art. 1, §1, ¶1 of the Georgia Constitution prohibits deprivation of life, liberty, or property without due process of law. By requiring a GWL to carry a weapon and then refusing to accept or process applications for GWLs, Kemp and Laine are depriving Cummings of life, liberty, or property without due process under the Georgia Constitution.
The Details of the lawsuit can be found here.

GCO Files Suit Against Governor Kemp For Inability to Obtain a GWL

Friday, April 10th, 2020

GeorgiaCarry.Org has filed a lawsuit against Governor Brian Kemp and the Fulton County probate judge because the novel coronavirus has led state courts to suspend the issuance of GWL’s.

Sara Carter, a Fulton County resident, and gun-rights organization GeorgiaCarry.Org filed  lawsuit Thursday against Governor Brian Kemp and Fulton County Probate Judge Pinkie Toomer.

Carter’s attorney John Monroe said there are three factors working against each other resulting in his client’s constitutional rights being violated.

Monroe stated that “One state law says you can’t carry a weapon without a license, and the probate judges essentially created a law by saying ‘we’re not going to issue licenses.’ And, above all else, you’ve got the Second Amendment saying you have the right to carry a weapon. So all this needs to be addressed.”

Details of the lawsuit can be found here.


Dougherty County Probate Judge Nancy Stephenson

Thursday, April 2nd, 2020
Longtime Dougherty County Probate Judge, Nancy Stephenson was a very good friend of GeorgiaCarry.Org who never failed to help when called upon.  She will be sorely missed by all.  Her husband has also tested positive for the virus and is self-quarantined. 
The news article announcing here death is below:

ALBANY, Ga. (WALB) – Dougherty County Probate Judge Nancy Stephenson died late Wednesday night.

“Judge Stephenson had tested positive for COVID-19 and yesterday, succumbed to complications as a result of it,” the Council of Probate Court Judges of Georgia said in a Facebook post.

Stephenson was Dougherty County probate judge for 27 years.

“Our Council sends our sincerest condolences to the family of our friend and colleague,” the Council of Probate Court Judges of Georgia wrote on Facebook.


Letter to Chief Justice Melton

Friday, March 27th, 2020



                                                                              March 27, 2020

The Hon. Harold D. Melton, Chief Justice Supreme Court of Georgia
330 Capitol Avenue, SE
Atlanta, GA  30334

RE:  Constitutional Implication of Judicial Emergency

Dear Chief Justice Melton:

I hope my letter finds you well during these difficult times.

I am writing you regarding a constitutional issue that has arisen as an indirect result of your declaration of a judicial emergency.  As you know, Georgia law prohibits carrying a weapon outside one’s home, automobile, or place of business without a license.  O.C.G.A. § 16-11-126.  Handguns are defined to be weapons.  O.C.G.A. § 16-11-125.1.  The Supreme Court of the United States ruled in District of Columbia v. Heller that the Second Amendment protects a fundamental, individual right to keep and carry arms in case of confrontation, and that the handgun is the quintessential arm for self- defense in America.  Your Court ruled in Nunn v. State that any provision of law banning the carrying of handguns openly is unconstitutional and void.  I submit that the licensing requirement in Georgia normally only comports with our Constitutions because of the (prior to the emergency) relative ease and low cost of obtaining a license.

The Council of Probate Judges has determined, pursuant to your declaration, that the issuance of weapons carry licenses pursuant to O.C.G.A. § 16-11-129 is a non-essential function.  As a result, the probate judges around the state are neither accepting nor processing applications for licenses.  The probate judges have determined that your declaration automatically extends the expiration dates of licenses, so renewals of licenses is not an immediate issue.

On the other hand, a Georgian wishing to obtain a new license is unable to do so.  He is faced with a statute requiring a license to carry a handgun in public and a sheer impossibility of even applying for a license, let alone obtaining one.  Even though he has state and federal constitutional rights to carry a handgun in case of confrontation, Georgia has essentially banned him from doing so.  The de facto ban appears to conflict with the Second Amendment and Georgia’s constitutional analog (Art. I, Sec. I, Par.VIII).

I have considered a variety of possible solutions to the problem, and I keep returning to what appears to be the simplest, easiest, and most straightforward: suspend enforcement of O.C.G.A. § 1611-126 for the duration of the emergency.

There are several factors supporting the suspension.  First, it would hardly be novel in our federal system.  The large majority of states do not prohibit carrying a handgun openly without a license.  In fact, a large minority of states do not even prohibit carrying a handgun concealed without a license.  The system “works” in those states without any apparent issues.

Second, the crime of carrying a weapon without a license is only malum prohibitum.  There is no inherent evil in going armed.

Third, if a person commits a crime with a firearm, such as robbery or murder, he still would be fully criminally liable for those actions.

The risk to public safety is therefore low in suspending enforcement, and the risk of not suspending enforcement is ongoing violation of Georgians’ constitutional rights on a widespread basis.

I already have asked Gov. Kemp to use his emergency powers to suspend enforcement of O.C.G.A. § 16-11-126 for the duration of the emergency (a copy of the letter to Gov. Kemp is enclosed/attached for your convenience).  I have discussed the issue with the Governor’s office, but to date he has not acted on the request.  I am hopeful that if you join me in encouraging Gov. Kemp to act, we can address this problem and abate it quickly.

Thank you for your attention.  I would be happy to discuss this matter with you further.


John R. Monroe

156 Robert Jones Road     Dawsonville, Georgia 30534

678 362 7650                  


GCO Asks Governor Kemp to Suspend Enforcement of O.C.G.A 16-11-126

Thursday, March 19th, 2020

Pursuant to Chief Justice Harold Melton’s Declaration of Statewide Judicial Emergency, the Council of Probate Judges has determined that processing GWL applications is a “non-essential” function.  Applications are therefore not being accepted during the emergency.  GCO has requested that Gov. Kemp use his emergency powers to suspend enforcement of OCGA 16-11-126 (carrying a weapon without a license) until such time as probate judges resume issuing GWLs.  Below are the contents of the letter sent to Governor Brian Kemp.

John R. Monroe

John Monroe Law, P.C.

                                                                    March 19, 2020

The Honorable Brian Kemp, Governor

RE:          Request of GeorgiaCarry.Org, Inc. to Suspend Enforcement of O.C.G.A. § 16-11-126 During COVID-19 Emergency

Dear Gov. Kemp:

I am writing you behalf of GeorgiaCarry.Org, Inc.  As you know, Chief Justice Melton has declared a Statewide Judicial Emergency and has ordered judges not to perform “non-essential” functions.  The Council of Probate Judges has determined that issuing Georgia weapons carry licenses (“GWLs”) is “non-essential.”  For the duration of the Judicial Emergency, the State is not issuing GWLs or even accepting applications for them.

O.C.G.A. § 16-11-126 prohibits carrying a weapon outside one’s home, automobile, or place of business without a GWL.  Violations are punishable as for a misdemeanor ($1,000 fine and 12 months in jail).

The only way our licensing requirement “works” constitutionally is with the relative ease for law-abiding citizens to  obtain a GWL.  We have moved from the status quo ante of relative ease to the current state of sheer impossibility of obtaining a GWL.

In order to preserve the Second Amendment and State Constitutional rights of law-abiding citizens during the emergency, I therefore request that you use your emergency powers to suspend enforcement of O.C.G.A. § 16-11-126 for the duration of the emergency.  This request is not a drastic one.  Dangerous people such as convicted felons and mentally ill will remain prohibited under state and federal law (O.C.G.A. § 16-11-131; 18 U.S.C. § 922(g)) from even possessing firearms, let alone carrying them.  The request would only allow people who already are permitted to possess firearms to carry them outside their homes, automobiles, and places of business in order to protect themselves and their families during this time of crisis.

Thank you in advance for your consideration and your leadership during this emergency, and please contact me if you have any questions.


John R. Monroe

Vice President, GeorgiaCarry.Org, Inc.


Expiration Dates of GWL Due Renewal Extended

Tuesday, March 17th, 2020

We are informed that the Probate Courts across the state of Georgia will temporarily suspend acceptance of applications for Georgia Weapons Carry Licenses and the renewal of Georgia Weapons Carry Licenses in pursuant to an order of the Supreme Court of GA declaring a Judicial Emergency.

We are told that if you license is due renewal during the Emergency period your license will not expire.  You will be able to renew after the Emergency ends and you current license will remain valid until April 13, 2020.

We will keep you informed if that date is extended further.


GCO Asks Probate Judges to Extend GWL Expiration Dates

Sunday, March 15th, 2020
On March 14, 2020, Georgia Supreme Court Chief Justice Harold Melton declared a state of judicial emergency.  Pursuant to his emergency powers, and pursuant to OCGA § 38-3-62, during the period of the order he has suspended, tolled, extended, and otherwise granted relief from any deadlines or other time schedules or filing requirements imposed by otherwise applicable statutes, rules, regulations, or court orders, whether in civil or criminal cases or administrative matters.
GCO takes the position that the expiration of a Georgia Weapons License (GWL) is a “deadline or other time schedule” of an “administrative matter” under the purview of judges, so that GWLs will not expire during the state of emergency.
For the avoidance of doubt, however, GeorgiaCarry.Org has asked the Council of Probate Judges to ask their members (i.e., the probate judges) to issue blanket orders extending GWL deadlines.



Discussion of SB 224

Tuesday, March 3rd, 2020

Sen. Elena Parent is criticizing SB 224 for “felons & other convicts allowed to have a variety of firearms.”  Not so.  Sen. Parent does not elaborate on what “other convicts” are besides felons.  Presumably, they must be misdemeanants.  Under Georgia law, there is no misdemeanor that deprives a person of the right to possess firearms, so SB 224 cannot and does not change that.  SB 224 does change the state definition of firearm to match the federal definition, so that felons in Georgia will be prohibited from possessing firearms under both state and federal law, but the law would not apply to “antique firearms” as that term has been defined by Congress.  This is not a “variety of firearms”  Antique firearms mostly consist of muzzle-loading guns.  Sen. Parent fails to tell her readers that, and she also fails to point to any crimes committed with a muzzle loading gun.  Long bows and cross bows have more firepower than muzzle loaders do, but Sen. Parent is not moving to ban them for felons.

Sen. Jones is criticizing SB 224 for its changes to the definition of aggravated assault.  Sen. Jones claims, incorrectly, that under current law aggravated assault is an assault with an attempt to murder.  That is only one of the several ways that aggravated assault can be committed, and SB 224 does not change that.  SB 224 addresses the problem that aggravated assault is committed if someone with a firearm does something that puts another person in reasonable apprehension of immediately receiving a violent injury.  That is, whether a person commits this 20-year felony is dependent on what the alleged “victim” feels about the incident.  GCO strongly believes that aggravated assault should only consist of serious negative behavior that is not dependent on the feelings of a third party that just happens to dislike firearms.